The scoop on Ghana weather is an invaluable resource for anyone planning to make a trip, as it is with any visit to a new place. As part of Africa’s Gulf of Guinea, nearby the Sahara Desert and not too far off from the earth’s equator, Ghana may evoke scenes of sweltering heat and unbearable climate conditions. But most visitors will find the location admirably temperate, and can avoid particularly hot or wet weather by knowing when, specifically, to travel.
Like many locations in the region, Ghana experiences a shift between wet and dry seasons. More pronounced than the subtle changes experienced in areas more distant from the equator, these seasons help facilitate agriculture and play a large role in local society and myth. In the country’s ancient roots, local legends told of Bida, a black snake, who ruled over the prosperity of the land. As a price for ensuring that the region was well fed and rich in gold and other important local resources, Bida required an annual sacrifice of a virgin.
One year, the story regales, the fiance of the virgin in question brazenly rescued her, which angered Bida. The snake brought on a devastating drought, and mining rapidly diminished. Today, Ghana weather enjoys plenty of rainfall and good conditions for agriculture as well as comfortably living. The country’s two distinct regions — the inland north and coastal south — differ in terms of seasonal rainfall rates and daily temperatures.
The southern region of Ghana experiences two rainy seasons each year. The first of these culminates in an increase of rainfall in either June or July, while the second is strongest in October. In the northern part of the country, the single rainy season begins in May or June and is active through most of the early summer.
In the coastal, and capital, city of Accra, rainfall is on average heaviest in June, July, and August, with a few rain-days scattered throughout the Spring and Fall. The months of November, December, January, and February are driest throughout the country, and are good months for travelers who don’t like rainy days.
While national temperatures as part of the Ghana climate tend to stay in the high 80 degrees Fahrenheit through much of the year, the cooler months occur in late Summer. With its low elevation and proximity to the sea, the southern part of the country tends to be a few degrees cooler than inland destinations, and benefits from comfortable ocean breezes. Those who like the wind can experience “harmattan,” which is a dry northeastern wind that sweeps through the lands in January and February.
Far from the often treacherous conditions of other countries in neighboring regions of Africa, the weather in Ghana has a balance of elements that make for excellent fun outdoors and comfortable dwelling day and night. Being prepared with basic preparation tools such as an umbrella and sunscreen along with proper, layered clothing can help make any encounter with Ghana weather more memorable — for the right reasons. Whether visiting from perpetually hot, cool, or even temperate areas, Ghana weather is sure to make a positive impression on any climate-conscious traveler.