Let’s Salute the Ghana Flag.
Symbol of this Great Nation!
The Ghana flag was designed by Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh and adopted as the national flag by Kwame Nkrumah (Ghana’s first president) from 6 March 1957 as part of the nation’s independence from British colonial rule – replacing the flag of the United Kingdom of Britain and Ireland.
The Ghanaian flag consists of a horizontal tri-colour of red, gold and green plus a five pointed black star in the centre of the gold stripe:
The red, gold and green colours are sometimes referred to as the Colours of African Unity.
They are also known as Pan-African colours because of the number of nations that have adopted them upon independence from their various colonial rulers.
The flag was not the first to use these colours however. That honour goes to Ethiopia. Hence the use of the colours by the Rastafarian movement – whose religious head, Haile Selassie, was the Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-1974).
What’s the significance of these colours?
The meaning of the Ghanaian flag’s colours is so much more powerful in Mrs Okoh’s own words:
“I decided on the three colors of red, gold & green because
of the geography of Ghana. Ghana lies in the tropics and blessed
with rich vegetation.
The color Gold was influenced by the mineral rich nature of our lands and Red commemorates those who died or worked for the country’s independence.
Then the five pointed lone star which is the symbol of African emancipation and unity in the struggle
The black star was adopted from the Jamaican Pan-Africanist, Marcus Garvey’s shipping line that operated in the early 20th century called the Black Star Line.
It also gave its name to the Ghana national soccer team – who are known as the Black Stars.